He said, "He will go to Beijing tomorrow." (直接引语)
He said that he would go to Beijing the next day.
He said: "The sun rises in the east."
He said that the sun rises in the east.
now→then, last month→the month before.
today→ that day, three days ago→three days before.
tonight→that night, tomorrow→the next day.
yesterday→the day before, the day after tomorrow→in two days.
this→that these→those here→there
He said, "My sister was here three days ago."→
He said that his sister had been there three days before.
Mother asked me, "Did you buy any meat for lunch?"→
Mother asked me if/whether I had bought some meat for lunch.
"What do you do?" he asked me.
He asked me what I did.
"Do you like English or Chinese?" He asked me.
He asked me whether I liked English or Chinese.
eg: Daniel bought a new computer 丹尼尔买了一台新电脑。(不是别人)
eg: A new computer was bought by Daniel 一台新电脑被丹尼尔买了。
被动语态的谓语由be + 动词的过去分词构成，其中be是助动词，随时态改变。
一般现在时的被动语态由"am / is / are +动词的过去分词"构成。
一般过去时的被动语态由"was / were +动词的过去分词"构成。
eg: Rice is grown in South China. 华南种植水稻。(没必要说明是谁种)
This bridge was built 100 years ago. 这座桥是100年前建的。(不知道谁建的)
Passive voice with 'by'
e.g. Jack broke the window. (主动语态)
The window was broken by Jack. (被动语态) 窗户是被杰克打碎的。
Meals are cooked by her mother at home. 在家饭是她母亲烧的。
The book was written by him several years ago. 这本书是他几年前写的。
1). 当一个含有复合宾语(宾语+宾补)的句子变为被动语态时， 只能把宾语变为被动语态的主语，宾补还放在原来的位置。
e.g. We call him Xiao Wang.--- He is called Xiao Wang.
He cut his hair short.--- His hair was cut short.
2). 带双宾语的动词变为被动语态时， 常常把间接宾语变为被动语态的主语;如果直接宾语变为被动语态的主语时，间接宾语前要加介词to或 for.
e.g. Someone gave the boy an apple.-- The boy was given an apple.
An apple was given to the boy.
His mother bought a present for him.--- He was bought a present.
A present was bought for him.
3). 在let, hear, watch, see, help, have 等词的句子中，主动语态不加to, 被动语态要加 to.
e.g. The boss makes us work 12 hours a day.--- We are made to work 12 hours a day.
They heard the children sing that morning.--- The children were heard to sing that morning.
⑤直接引语是祈使句，根据说话语气变成ask/tell/order warn sb. to do sth.的结构。例：
She said to me, "Stand up."→
She asked me to stand up.
Father said to his son, "Don't play football in the street."→
Father told his son not to play football in the street.
1. They go as fast as they can.
as…as sb. (one) can = as …as possible 尽可能地……
I will work as hard as I can. 我将尽可能努力工作。
He ran as fast as he could. 他拼命地跑。
Please come here as soon as you can. 请尽快来这里。
2. We call the first Olympic Games the "ancient" Olympics.
call sb. / sth. +n. 称呼某人/某物……，后面的名词作宾语补足语。
例：We call the boy DaMao. 我们称呼那个男孩大毛。
We chose him our monitor at yesterday's class meeting.
I find him a clever boy. 我觉得他是个聪明的孩子。
3. It seemed that Zhuang Yong and Jenny Thompson, an American swimmer, had finished at the same time.
It seems that +从句
seem to be +adj.
例：Danny seemed excited. (Danny seemed to be excited.)
seem to do sth.
例：When his wife's pet cat died, Alan didn't seem to care at all.
4. Diving is one of the most popular events at the Olympics.
one of… ……其中之一，后常加最高级及名词复数。例：
Changjiang is one of the longest rivers in the world.
5. Make your country proud. 使你的国家因你而自豪。
make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶
make dumplings 包饺子 make a car 制造汽车
be made of 由……制成
make sb. /sth. +n. 使某人/某物成为……
made sb. /sth. +adj. 使某人/某物如何……
make sb. /sth. do 使某人/某物做某事
6. …his team came in twentieth. 他的队第二十名。
7. We had such an interesting day at school today.
这句话也可以说成：We had so interesting a day at school today.
It is so interesting a film that we all want to see it once more.
Thanks a lot for sending me such beautiful pictures by e-mail!
He is so weak that he can't work on.
8. If I don't. I won't be able to sleep tonight.
I'll go to the park with my friends if it doesn't rain tomorrow.
9. If he practises walking on pizzas, he'll do better next time.
finish, enjoy, practise, keep, mind后常加动名词作宾语。例：
You'd better practise speaking English both in and after class.
1. Our class could play soccer for a week without stopping.
Without having breakfast, he hurried to school.
Fish can't live without water. 没有水鱼不能活。
If there is no water, fish can't live.
2. That's very kind of you. 你真是太好了。
还可以说：That's very nice of you.
3. Wouldn't we get tired? 我们不会累吗?
Isn't it beautiful? 它不漂亮吗? (It is beautiful!)
注意答语：Yes, it is. 不，漂亮
No, it isn't. 是的，不漂亮。
Can't you come earlier? 你不能早来吗?(责备)
4. The Great Wall of China is more than 7,240 kilometres long.
It is +数字+单+形容词是一个固定句式，用来表达某物(人)多高/长/宽/深等。例：
The river is 10 metres deep.
The old man is seventy years old. 这个老人70岁。
Our room is 5 metres wide. 我们教室宽5米。
How wide is your room?
How deep is the river?
5. On average, it weighs more than 26 tons.
weight n. 重量。例：
The desk weighs 10 kilos. 这书桌重10公斤。
The weight of the desk is 10 kilos.
The desk is 10 kilos heavy.
6. The average blue whale is about four times as big as the biggest elephant.
four times as+原级+as 是……的几倍 例：
This room is three times as big as that one.
This is twice bigger than that one.
I have been to the Great Wall twice.
7. Does anyone have any other ideas?
any other 用在肯定句中后常加单数名词。
any other 在疑问句和否定句中加复数名词。例：
The boy is taller than any other boy in his class.
I don't want any other oranges. 我不要任何别的桔子。
8. I have some more. 我有更多一些。
some more 更多一些，后加可数或不可数名词。
much more 后加不可数名词
many more 后加可数名词复数
I want many more books. 我想要更多的书。
9. It's a man who can ride his bicycle backwards while playing the violin.
while (when) 当……时，时间状语从句。
I will go to visit Beijing if (it is) possible.
Although (I am) ugly, I am gentle.